ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho (Lavaka Ata ʻUlukālala), South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, countries listed by mean body mass index data, "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Population Statistics | Tonga Statistics Department", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 10648/877f659e-35ce-4059-945e-294a4d05d29c, "High precision U/Th dating of first Polynesian settlement", "Cooks bill puts spotlight on Pacific's anti-gay laws", "Societal Abuses, Discrimination, and Acts of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Tonga", Tonga's king tricked by Korean sea water to natural gas scam, "No Govt Support Blamed for Airline Collapse", "Tongan Court Case Over Wrongful Imprisonment Recommences – July 31, 2002", "Rioting crowd leaves leaves trail of wreckage in Nuku'alofa", "蘋果日報 – 20120319 – 患血癌染肺炎 搶救數日無效湯加國王 駕崩瑪麗醫院", "Tonga crowns King Tupou VI in lavish public coronation, parties", "Freedom of the press in Indonesian-occupied West Papua", "Pacific nations call for UN investigations into alleged Indonesian rights abuses in West Papua", "Pacific nations want UN to investigate Indonesia on West Papua", "Tongan troops to work with UK and other ISAF forces in Afghanistan", Population Census 2006: Population size, Trend, Distribution and Structure, "Climate Guides – Plan Your Ideal Holiday Trip", "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Nukuʻalofa, Tonga", "Kingdom of Tonga: Safe Haven for Flying Foxes", "In Pictures: The World's Most Corrupt Countries", "FP090 Tonga Renewable Energy Project under the Pacific Islands Renewable Energy Investment Program", "Tonga on track to reach renewable energy target", "Tonga Energy Press Release: IRENA signing, a milestone for Tonga's renewable energy plans", "South Pacific's Biggest Solar Plant to Help Tonga Meet Renewable Energy Target", "Editorial: Racist moves will rebound on Tonga", "Flight chartered to evacuate Chinese in Tonga", "China’s World Wide Web: Overseas Chinese in the South Pacific", "Constitution of Tonga - Constitution of Tonga (Revised 1988)", "Tonga 2011 Census of Population and Housing", "Pacific island nations battle obesity epidemic", Welcome to the town that will make you lose weight, "King Tupou VI commissions Kukū Kaunaka Collection", "The ties that bind: stories from the Tongan diaspora", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tonga&oldid=983548274, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 21:17. , Tonga was ranked the 165th safest investment destination in the world in the March 2011 Euromoney Country Risk rankings.. Under the protection of Britain, Tonga maintained its sovereignty, and remained the only Pacific nation to retain its monarchical government. One athlete attended the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea. Many Tongans have emigrated to Australia, New Zealand, or the United States to seek employment and a higher standard of living. In addition, it calls for the involvement of local operators, finance institutions and technicians to provide sustainable business models as well as strategies to ensure the effective operation, management and maintenance once the systems are installed. The Department undertakes statistical activities, carrying out the general census of population, and the count of housing and establishments. In the 15th century and again in the 17th, civil war erupted. Rate of natural increase is … Various Information gathered of the people location and broken down from Island Division, District and Villages and listed below, Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Forest and Fisheries, Tonga Chamber of Commerce and Industry Inc, United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, United Nations Statistical Institute for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations Economic and Socila Commision for Asia and the Pacific. , On 29 July 2008, the Palace announced that King George Tupou V would relinquish much of his power and would surrender his role in day-to-day governmental affairs to the Prime Minister. The latter was supported by some 160 signatures, including seven of the nine elected, "People's Representatives".  The last known whaling visitor was the Albatross in 1899. Higher education includes teacher training, nursing and medical training, a small private university, a woman's business college, and a number of private agricultural schools. The task completed in April 2014 and the UK presented Operational Service Medals to each of the soldiers involved during a parade held in Tonga.. 1.5% are mixed Tongans and the rest are European (the majority are British), mixed European, and other Pacific Islanders. The Tongan government supported the American "coalition of the willing" action in Iraq and deployed 40+ soldiers (as part of an American force) in late 2004. In 2010, Brigadier General Tauʻaika ʻUtaʻatu, Commander of the Tonga Defence Services, signed an agreement in London committing a minimum of 200 troops to co-operate with Britain's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan. The demographics of Tonga constitutes of 55,000 women and 56,000 men, which means there are 1,018 men per 1000 women. In 2019 the population of Tonga was 110,000 and the average age increased from 22.3 in 1960 to 27.2. Thus they are protected and cannot be harmed or hunted. Sometimes men from the islands were recruited to serve as crewmen on these vessels. The chief pastor of the Free Wesleyan Church serves as the representative of the people of Tonga and of the Church at the coronation of a King or Queen of Tonga where he anoints and crowns the Monarch. Tonga maintains strong regional ties in the Pacific. Aside from rugby, Tonga has also produced athletes who have competed at both the Summer and Winter Olympics. Before the arrival of European explorers in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, Tongans had frequent contacts with their nearest oceanic neighbours, Fiji and Niue. Various Information gathered of the people location and broken down from Island Division, District and Villages and listed below. In Tonga, dating back to Tongan legend, flying bats are considered sacred and are the property of the monarchy.  The Constitution of Tonga (Revised 1998) provides for freedom of religion.. Later noteworthy European visitors included James Cook (Royal Navy) in 1773, 1774, and 1777; Spanish Navy explorers Francisco Mourelle de la Rúa in 1781 and Alessandro Malaspina in 1793; the first London missionaries in 1797; and the Wesleyan Methodist Reverend Walter Lawry in 1822. He held the chiefly title of Tuʻi Kanokupolu, but had been baptised by Methodist missionaries with the name Siaosi ("George") in 1831.  In 2010, Tonga took a decisive step away from its traditional absolute monarchy and towards becoming a fully functioning constitutional monarchy, after legislative reforms paved the way for its first partial representative elections. Population of Tonga from 1960 to 2020 (historical), Copyright © 2020 populationof.net All rights reserved, 111,803 people at present (Monday 19th of October 2020). Everyday life is heavily influenced by Polynesian traditions and by the Christian faith; for example, all commerce and entertainment activities cease on Sunday, from the beginning of the day at midnight, to the end of the day at midnight. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints sent missionaries in 1891 to visit King Siaosi (George) Tupo where they obtained permission to preach.  Notably, the Keleʻa, produced specifically to critique the government and printed in Tonga by pro-democracy leader ʻAkilisi Pōhiva, was not banned during that time. The bill was opposed in the form of a several-thousand-strong protest march in the capital, a call by the Tuʻi Pelehake (a prince, nephew of the king and elected member of parliament) for Australia and other nations to pressure the Tongan government to democratise the electoral system, and a legal writ calling for a judicial investigation of the bill. The public expected some changes when George Tupou V succeeded his father in September 2006. Humans have lived in Tonga for nearly 3,000 years, since settlement in late Lapita times. According to the writer William Mariner, the chiefs wanted to kill Cook during the gathering but could not agree on a plan.. They hold the body of academic knowledge created by their scholars in high esteem and the Kukū Kaunaka Collection which comprises every PhD and Masters dissertation written by any Tongan in any country is archived by Seu'ula Johansson-Fua at the Institute for Education in Tonga..
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