For example, are spoons not played in folk music traditions throughout the world?

Deleuze shows similar affinities for non-linear thought, for emergence, and for something near chaos. Music therapy as multiplicity: Implicati .... Understanding Deleuze and the multiplicity, https://doi.org/10.1080/08098131.2020.1811371, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2011.02.001, http://cmed.faculty.ku.edu/813/813powerts.html, http://deleuzelectures.blogspot.com/2007/02/theory-of-multiplicities-in-bergson.html, https://doi.org/10.1080/08098131.2019.1649712, https://www.academia.edu/12393278/The_Spectre_of_Immanence_Sartre_Merleau-Ponty_Foucault_and_Deleuze, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-769X.2004.00184.x, https://doi.org/10.1177/135945759601000103, https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/145740874.pdf, https://doi.org/10.18357/ijcyfs32-3201210870, Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing & Allied Health.

Other dichotomies have also been explored in our field. Understood largely through Bruscia’s writing and Deleuze’s conceptual work, multiplicity provides new ways to look at music and at what happens in between science, art, and human relationship. Deleuze's philosophy. Some approaches to music therapy are identified by their use of centering. The struck drum or plucked guitar detunes ever so slightly. Music is both permeable within itself, and an “open structure that permeates and is permeated by the world” (Bogue, 1991, p. 85). The relationships described by Small (1998), and the rightful latter elaborations of musicking as a situated practice by music therapy authors, can also be considered in terms of their scientific organization, their artistic creativity (whether prepared or extemporaneous) and their intentions regarding human value. Mariana Ortega is Professor of Philosophy at John Carroll University and coeditor (with Linda Martín Alcoff) of Constructing the Nation: A Race and Nationalism Reader, also published by SUNY Press.
The intensive is developed within the extensive, and vice versa. Each component also has the capacity to affect and be affected by the others.

Music, the environment, the therapist’s training, and the clients’ experience have the capacity to affect and be affected by each other through events, promoting differentiation and change in future contexts. As an alternative to dualistic, dichotomous, and dialectic thinking, musicologists have either implied or discussed the ways that music multiplies. A synthetic djembe made of fiberglass commonly has a longer sound envelope and more overtones than a wooden djembe due to the materials used and the ways they are constructed.

We gain new understandings of outcomes as multiple, due to our complex work and our clients’ constant engagement with new contexts over time. Humanity implies our connective power and potential as unique beings. In multiplicity, we seek to first sense, and then make sense of ourselves in a world of disruption and re-organization – scientifically, “always already situated in a set of relations” (Colebrook & Bennett, 2009, p. 71).

3 While the second edition (1989) mentions interpersonal process, the third edition mentions humanity. The qualities of a spoon may change due to the way it interacts with something else (e.g. abrupt changes in temperature, scraping against something).

Like the second definition above, Bruscia’s multiplicity denotes an active, gerund-like quality; his description allows us to consider how the act of music therapy occurs, how we understand it, how it promotes change, and how we may value the various ways we work as clinicians. The author reports no conflicts of interest. Kenny (1996) noted “Music Therapy is different to different people at different times in different places” (p. 3). 20 For those interested, the work of Alain Badiou, Slavoj Zizek, Ray Brassier, and Graham Harman may be worth exploring.

This capacity can also be found in other animal species to certain degrees and in particular ways (Matney, 2007). 99, 107). Verder worden recensies ook geanalyseerd om de betrouwbaarheid te verifiëren.

While Deleuze established his multiplicity concept in the 1960s, translations from French to English occurred decades later, perhaps limiting its employment in some areas. Deleuze’s multiplicity conceptualizes a system in flux, acknowledging intensities and flows that engage in a dynamic multiple. During the COVID 19 pandemic experienced around the time of this publication, we have seen just how detrimental certain acts of music can be in particular contexts, while also seeing its power to heal trauma and loneliness. I am a music therapist who has formally and informally engaged with philosophy for more than three decades. There will always exist tensions between diverse approaches, but the multiplicity acknowledges these tensions through more interesting and diverse spatial relations. This idea of multiplicity, as an alternative to simple difference and opposition, is also not new to music and health.

This ontological positioning promotes a tapestry of relationships and enriched engagements.

Each item in the relationship has the capacity to affect and to be affected 8 ; the item cut by the spoon will also interact in a way that affects the spoon (e.g.

Gilles Deleuze is considered one of the most influential philosophers of the latter twentieth century. We give less priority to identifications, particularly when oppositional.

I therefore continue by “dialoguing” with some music therapy theories to show how multiplicity may enhance and challenge current lines of thought, as well as potentially re-shape the way we think about the field’s existence, it’s knowledge, and its values. Many of the ideas related to this concept are not entirely new to the field, but they are presented in a unique, and I believe relevant fashion. However, this openness to change is not only a passive, cause/effect process. ", The notion of multiplicity forms a central part of Bergson's critique of philosophical negativity and the dialectical method, Deleuze argues in his commentary, Bergsonism (1966). Within these considerations, I will continue to layer in examples. Rhythms may be structured through consistent (or inconsistent) patterns in tempo, phrasing, dynamics (accented beats or agogic emphasis), and layered duration (metric organization). The philosophical reply can likely be found in the more subtle positions of the two thinkers that originated them. In the midst of music therapy-as-multiplicity, these categorical boundaries become porous. Complexity theory takes into account the chaotic considerations of the world, and of our individual and collective “messy” operations within it. Arrived as promised in excellent condition! Heeft dit boek problemen met kwaliteit of opmaak? Holmes & Gastaldo, 2004), and music therapy (e.g. A “decentered centre” provides us a new image with which we not only promote “tolerance for diversity, in the broadest sense of the term” (Stige, 2002, p. 2), but also to promote the potential for radicalized thought and action related to diverse needs, such as those found in post-human stances (Ansdell & Stige, 2018; Braidotti, 2012; Ruud, 2020). Becoming-music: A description of an improvisation music therapy outreach approach, Schizo zen, or subjectivity and the schizoid musician. A ball can roll/be rolled differently, based on its own sphericity, the speed with which we propel it, the type of surface it is rolled on (e.g.

Deleuze (1994) noted that his concepts are made (and unmade) “along a moving horizon, from an always decentered centre” (p. xxi). Organization implies our pursuits of function and prediction by engaging with actual states of affairs (such as in sessions, through intervention planning and implementation, and through particular types of research). While a spoon and a conga can be considered extensive, they can also be understood for their intensive qualities. 14 Small’s assertions in this sense appear to hold greater parallel to Fichte, Schelling, or Hegel than to Deleuze. We begin to see difference differently, as far more complex and diverse than “spoon/not spoon,” but also as purposeful, tangible, and even practical. The drum can act as a conduit for improvisation, a catalyst for discussion, as a prop for visual artwork, as a cultural artifact, and as a way to promote health in a range of domains; this can be understood as operating on “multiple registers” (O’Sullivan, 2006, p. 256). A metal spoon and a wooden spoon differ, for example, in terms of weight, flexibility, and porousness. Furthermore, the actual and virtual enact difference and change between and within multiplicities. We use cookies to improve your website experience. Deleuze's philosophy.

Dynamic, contextual creations of music exist in conjunction with sensation, movement, awareness, expression, communication, social interaction, and so on.
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Environmental considerations may include but not be limited to: room spacing, time of day, focus and expectations of the facility, level of co-treatment employed, timing of treatment in relation to other daily events, family expectations, level of support from family, the instrumentation available, and collaborative processes with other professionals.

9 The three common tumbadores in Cuban ensembles are quinto, conga, and tumba; they are differentiated largely by pitch. The question then becomes, how does the concept operate?

Therapist considerations include but are not limited to assessment interpretation, expectations, past experiences, theoretical orientation(s), preferences, and level of familiarity.

Sounds are nuanced through timbre, volume, and sustain, resulting in variations in dynamics and sonic envelopes. We become more aware of the event and its potential. Deleuze's philosophy. In the case of the spoon and the drum, each characteristic can be seen as a simultaneous strength and limitation, depending on the context within which it is used. The theory of multiplicities, he explains, must be distinguished from traditional philosophical problems of "the One and the Multiple." They may question how relevant or meaningful such is to the field of music therapy.
For example, are spoons not played in folk music traditions throughout the world?

Deleuze shows similar affinities for non-linear thought, for emergence, and for something near chaos. Music therapy as multiplicity: Implicati .... Understanding Deleuze and the multiplicity, https://doi.org/10.1080/08098131.2020.1811371, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2011.02.001, http://cmed.faculty.ku.edu/813/813powerts.html, http://deleuzelectures.blogspot.com/2007/02/theory-of-multiplicities-in-bergson.html, https://doi.org/10.1080/08098131.2019.1649712, https://www.academia.edu/12393278/The_Spectre_of_Immanence_Sartre_Merleau-Ponty_Foucault_and_Deleuze, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-769X.2004.00184.x, https://doi.org/10.1177/135945759601000103, https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/145740874.pdf, https://doi.org/10.18357/ijcyfs32-3201210870, Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing & Allied Health.

Other dichotomies have also been explored in our field. Understood largely through Bruscia’s writing and Deleuze’s conceptual work, multiplicity provides new ways to look at music and at what happens in between science, art, and human relationship. Deleuze's philosophy. Some approaches to music therapy are identified by their use of centering. The struck drum or plucked guitar detunes ever so slightly. Music is both permeable within itself, and an “open structure that permeates and is permeated by the world” (Bogue, 1991, p. 85). The relationships described by Small (1998), and the rightful latter elaborations of musicking as a situated practice by music therapy authors, can also be considered in terms of their scientific organization, their artistic creativity (whether prepared or extemporaneous) and their intentions regarding human value. Mariana Ortega is Professor of Philosophy at John Carroll University and coeditor (with Linda Martín Alcoff) of Constructing the Nation: A Race and Nationalism Reader, also published by SUNY Press.
The intensive is developed within the extensive, and vice versa. Each component also has the capacity to affect and be affected by the others.

Music, the environment, the therapist’s training, and the clients’ experience have the capacity to affect and be affected by each other through events, promoting differentiation and change in future contexts. As an alternative to dualistic, dichotomous, and dialectic thinking, musicologists have either implied or discussed the ways that music multiplies. A synthetic djembe made of fiberglass commonly has a longer sound envelope and more overtones than a wooden djembe due to the materials used and the ways they are constructed.

We gain new understandings of outcomes as multiple, due to our complex work and our clients’ constant engagement with new contexts over time. Humanity implies our connective power and potential as unique beings. In multiplicity, we seek to first sense, and then make sense of ourselves in a world of disruption and re-organization – scientifically, “always already situated in a set of relations” (Colebrook & Bennett, 2009, p. 71).

3 While the second edition (1989) mentions interpersonal process, the third edition mentions humanity. The qualities of a spoon may change due to the way it interacts with something else (e.g. abrupt changes in temperature, scraping against something).

Like the second definition above, Bruscia’s multiplicity denotes an active, gerund-like quality; his description allows us to consider how the act of music therapy occurs, how we understand it, how it promotes change, and how we may value the various ways we work as clinicians. The author reports no conflicts of interest. Kenny (1996) noted “Music Therapy is different to different people at different times in different places” (p. 3). 20 For those interested, the work of Alain Badiou, Slavoj Zizek, Ray Brassier, and Graham Harman may be worth exploring.

This capacity can also be found in other animal species to certain degrees and in particular ways (Matney, 2007). 99, 107). Verder worden recensies ook geanalyseerd om de betrouwbaarheid te verifiëren.

While Deleuze established his multiplicity concept in the 1960s, translations from French to English occurred decades later, perhaps limiting its employment in some areas. Deleuze’s multiplicity conceptualizes a system in flux, acknowledging intensities and flows that engage in a dynamic multiple. During the COVID 19 pandemic experienced around the time of this publication, we have seen just how detrimental certain acts of music can be in particular contexts, while also seeing its power to heal trauma and loneliness. I am a music therapist who has formally and informally engaged with philosophy for more than three decades. There will always exist tensions between diverse approaches, but the multiplicity acknowledges these tensions through more interesting and diverse spatial relations. This idea of multiplicity, as an alternative to simple difference and opposition, is also not new to music and health.

This ontological positioning promotes a tapestry of relationships and enriched engagements.

Each item in the relationship has the capacity to affect and to be affected 8 ; the item cut by the spoon will also interact in a way that affects the spoon (e.g.

Gilles Deleuze is considered one of the most influential philosophers of the latter twentieth century. We give less priority to identifications, particularly when oppositional.

I therefore continue by “dialoguing” with some music therapy theories to show how multiplicity may enhance and challenge current lines of thought, as well as potentially re-shape the way we think about the field’s existence, it’s knowledge, and its values. Many of the ideas related to this concept are not entirely new to the field, but they are presented in a unique, and I believe relevant fashion. However, this openness to change is not only a passive, cause/effect process. ", The notion of multiplicity forms a central part of Bergson's critique of philosophical negativity and the dialectical method, Deleuze argues in his commentary, Bergsonism (1966). Within these considerations, I will continue to layer in examples. Rhythms may be structured through consistent (or inconsistent) patterns in tempo, phrasing, dynamics (accented beats or agogic emphasis), and layered duration (metric organization). The philosophical reply can likely be found in the more subtle positions of the two thinkers that originated them. In the midst of music therapy-as-multiplicity, these categorical boundaries become porous. Complexity theory takes into account the chaotic considerations of the world, and of our individual and collective “messy” operations within it. Arrived as promised in excellent condition! Heeft dit boek problemen met kwaliteit of opmaak? Holmes & Gastaldo, 2004), and music therapy (e.g. A “decentered centre” provides us a new image with which we not only promote “tolerance for diversity, in the broadest sense of the term” (Stige, 2002, p. 2), but also to promote the potential for radicalized thought and action related to diverse needs, such as those found in post-human stances (Ansdell & Stige, 2018; Braidotti, 2012; Ruud, 2020). Becoming-music: A description of an improvisation music therapy outreach approach, Schizo zen, or subjectivity and the schizoid musician. A ball can roll/be rolled differently, based on its own sphericity, the speed with which we propel it, the type of surface it is rolled on (e.g.

Deleuze (1994) noted that his concepts are made (and unmade) “along a moving horizon, from an always decentered centre” (p. xxi). Organization implies our pursuits of function and prediction by engaging with actual states of affairs (such as in sessions, through intervention planning and implementation, and through particular types of research). While a spoon and a conga can be considered extensive, they can also be understood for their intensive qualities. 14 Small’s assertions in this sense appear to hold greater parallel to Fichte, Schelling, or Hegel than to Deleuze. We begin to see difference differently, as far more complex and diverse than “spoon/not spoon,” but also as purposeful, tangible, and even practical. The drum can act as a conduit for improvisation, a catalyst for discussion, as a prop for visual artwork, as a cultural artifact, and as a way to promote health in a range of domains; this can be understood as operating on “multiple registers” (O’Sullivan, 2006, p. 256). A metal spoon and a wooden spoon differ, for example, in terms of weight, flexibility, and porousness. Furthermore, the actual and virtual enact difference and change between and within multiplicities. We use cookies to improve your website experience. Deleuze's philosophy.

Dynamic, contextual creations of music exist in conjunction with sensation, movement, awareness, expression, communication, social interaction, and so on.

Yonny Chirinos Fantasy 2020, Leafs Game Tonight, Ava Acres Clarence, John Rhys-davies Net Worth, Amish Potato Soup, Russell Simmons Net Worth, Mike Leach Wife, Yair Rodriguez Vs Jeremy Stephens 1, Hope Emerson Net Worth, Mike Strutter Quotes, Georgetown Application Fee Waiver, Clara Spera Married, Jim Morrison Wife, Gee Scott Jr Espn, Charles Wellesley, 9th Duke Of Wellington Net Worth, Subiaco Premierships, How To Play Gentle On My Mind, Brighton Vs Arsenal Results, Captain Panaka, Rebellion Actress, Iced Game, The Gravedancers Full Movie 123movies, Davina Mccall Age, Devil's Knot Hulu, Gary Alexander Obituary, Katasumi And 4444444444 Online, Hosni Mubarak Wife, Raul Julia Wife, Bayern Munich Vs Werder Bremen Prediction, Arsenal Vs Tottenham 2003, Dean Smith Net Worth, A Handful Of Dust Dvd, Law Degree Online, Millennium Force Height, Sam Billings Current Ipl Team 2020, Alexander Hodge Accent, Njpw News, Insomnia Movie Watch Online, New Releases Movies, Chris Mckay Edmonton, Japan J League 2 Table 2018/19, Traditional Weapons, Sc State Football Schedule, Ice Cube Second Album, Viral Movie Plot, Neapolitan Pizza, Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms, 17 Cherry Tree Lane Sign, Wake Forest Fiske, Gamera 2: Attack Of Legion Full Movie English Online, Alan Rachins Imdb, Lutino Lovebird Lifespan, Before Sunrise 4, Meritorious Synonym, Yassir Lester Chelsea Devantez, Madalyn Horcher Jack Reacher, Confessions Of A Teenage Drama Queen Full Movie 123movies, Jill Whelan Movies And Tv Shows, Baylor Homecoming Parade 2020, Justin Gaethje Vs Donald Cerrone Full Fight, Tracey Childs, Md, Vince Marcello Net Worth, Who Wrote Schindler's List Music, Where Does Will Ferrell Live 2020, Eat With E, Snl Kate Mckinnon Rbg, Beamer Benz Or Bentley Lyrics, Liverpool Vs Man City Last Results, Ernst Lubitsch Best Movies, New White Hart Lane, Tim And Jeniffer 90 Day Fiancé, Porky's Pizza, Did I Mention Lyrics, Real Madrid - Levante Prediction, How To Pronounce Something, Paul's Boutique Review, Chelsea V Tottenham 2019,

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