%�~�ůqt�>��L�\ړ�i��̯뺹8s���J�%e��C�����P\(whR��8�����L"7ld�<>I����E�l.�Ǽ��fE�;�� The European Union is a world leader in research and innovation. Professor of Political Science, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. Horizon 2020, the eighth Framework Programme, is the biggest multinational research programme in the world. Originally confined to western Europe, the EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century. The EU is the latest stage in a process of integration begun after World War II, initially by six Western European countries, to foster interdependence Omissions? It is responsible for one The first person to walk on the Moon was John Glenn. �n�϶]�xAx����{ĵ8�U8��Oq̺���bݸ��(�܌l�2�����y)�={b��4'�4J0��|^�}!��:���a�ƴ��JA���v�l���\�E+/�E�aq�C�#S�c�|�%����[E� a��s�a�p8,�Fי"�%�'�Z0g:Yd�VH�W�Ŏ�Ӵ+����n�.����l=��ޑ�&���x#��N��zW��L��4SɆ�z�L3��Ak �m��d_�cI��V�i�dNS����fE{�� �]��_��DνZ���i�$4�2^2��/�}���yܿ�I���Y�H�}��N3��=k�I�-�ik��&ai&�R� _�C�䃂��)�~����w�-��gq�

The EU represents one in a series of efforts to integrate Europe since World War II.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). <>stream Collective assistance from the European Union and its Member States amounted to more than €74.4 billion in 2018. endobj During Charles de Gaulle's leadership of France in the 1960s, the country twice rejected the United Kingdom's application to the European Economic Community. To this end, in 1951 the leaders of six countries—Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany—signed the Treaty of Paris, thereby, when it took effect in 1952, founding the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). %PDF-1.5 PDF | On Aug 31, 2009, Donato Gómez-Diaz published European Union | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate There are 24 official languages of the European Union.

�I7I��M�&�3� 2�����d� Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The treaty was designed to enhance European political and economic integration by creating a single currency (the euro), a unified foreign and security policy, and common citizenship rights and by advancing cooperation in the areas of immigration, asylum, and judicial affairs. Author of, The “Ode to Joy” from Ludwig von Beethoven's. 4 0 obj ��P�z�����r]���1�����M�}"��� �gR >>/Reason()/Reference[<>/Type/SigRef>>]/SubFilter/adbe.pkcs7.detached/Type/Sig>> 1044 0 obj The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. The EU’s common currency is the euro. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. SB 11-45 The European Union – The Institutions (390KB pdf) SB 11-46 The European Union – The Legislative Process (572KB pdf) SB 11-47 The European Union – The Budget (370KB pdf) Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) Briefings are compiled for the benefit of the Members of the Parliament and their personal staff.

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic partnership that represents a unique form of cooperation among sovereign countries. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? (��Kk�� �>}諭�!�֊�9�]]]ׯ���~���O~�rx����/~������o���oo���o�o����_?~��맏o���}����?��ӻ��?^�b��۸8��q���8|~|��?�p�������Wo�a]�:����+�c~��-j;Xe������?~g?��^y`�T��Ek{��s��{s���������_��_�������\�_��}���W��9����F^=~�x�]ܟ��xm�~����QWݣ������O�/?^su���P|н�?��{�^}��_��?��x����kί?_�W�_�����_��w���W�@)-��!�z���rx��m����P+͢�%�����D���.�Q�*��%ղi�[������j������o&l���˧��9��ӧ/��|1����e���;�`�멫�ݟώ3�߿{��q�u�x���p�9y����~H�������g���9xL��8ܯW��Wq�`ł9���-o�7'�Pf�n��vۆ�qx�g����w���V��6�l|�kZzX�_�[Ƹv��?�(��f���v?����c��H�M�?s��� ��{f2�v���3�_�O΃[email protected]"i�7��[9z�����dL��i��QP��� �Go��7���5U�#��Ew��Z�G���t��o��W���.~�q_5��&��$�|��n�8B~ܢ*S���,�8'e�g~UaE&�(M9�͎܂�(S��ߤ�7:N�$z�@�H��zwT�Ka!y�'0%_���_,��t~d���5�4Vz¯!i����ү�4�\�&.��R��[email protected]��� �Z�+��k�$��9�W��. The EU was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2012, in recognition of the organization’s efforts to promote peace and democracy in Europe. European Union website - EUROPA is the official EU website that provides access to information published by all EU institutions, agencies and bodies. More than 500 million people live in the European Union. Earlier treaties are now incorporated into the current consolidated version, which comprises the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. 4R �k$h��i����10ݧ���@��8����L�����xń~Nb�mPЩ���2�#.�9��_��p��{0 Learn more about the EU … 32 0 obj European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. A series of further international treaties and treaty revisions based largely on this model led eventually to the creation of the EU.
The United Kingdom, which had been a founding member of the EU, left the organization in 2020.
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The ECSC created a free-trade area for several key economic and military resources: coal, coke, steel, scrap, and iron ore. To manage the ECSC, the treaty established several supranational institutions: a High Authority to administrate, a Council of Ministers to legislate, a Common Assembly to formulate policy, and a Court of Justice to interpret the treaty and to resolve related disputes. Updates? %���� The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993. Creation of the European Economic Community, The crisis in Ukraine and the rise of Euroskepticism, https://www.britannica.com/topic/European-Union, CIA - The World Factbook - European Union, European Union - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), European Union - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). <>stream European Union has invested nearly 200 billion euro towards funding research and new technologies and products that improve our lives. European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. The European Union (EU) is a unique economic and political union between 27 European countries. The EU’s members are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden. endstream By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. At the end of the war, several western European countries sought closer economic, social, and political ties to achieve economic growth and military security and to promote a lasting reconciliation between France and Germany. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty, which entered into force on November 1, 1993.

endobj European Union established in addition to Communities 1997 /2000: Amsterdam and Nice Treaties reform EU institutions prior to enlargement 2007: Lisbon Treaty simplifies institutional structure, gives EU unified legal personality in force since 2009 “Deepening” integration. The European Union and its Member States continued to be the world's leading provider of official development assistance in 2018 and stepped up their efforts directed at developing countries. HOW THE EUROPEAN UNION WORKS The last amending treaty — the Lisbon Treaty — was signed in Lisbon on 13 December 2007, and came into force on 1 December 2009. An overview of the European Union's history. x��VM��6����@?E20�cw�����\G�5е�����3��hW�z�$=��f9oތ(A�F�����xY�d6��fna���?�g�s!%�P �K�Uq����YB[�,.

x��][o\�q~��0����� �8�$�۫ ? (The United Kingdom had been invited to join the ECSC and in 1955 sent a representative to observe discussions about its ongoing development, but the Labour government of Clement Attlee declined membership, owing perhaps to a variety of factors, including the illness of key ministers, a desire to maintain economic independence, and a failure to grasp the community’s impending significance.) \dB0nE'��F�ǻfs�\5k�4��}�>���s�����?,כ�����|��� �~��_�]�1�ܷ���&}-�1�aqG"� Fs&���x�)�nf�����������&�>%�~�ůqt�>��L�\ړ�i��̯뺹8s���J�%e��C�����P\(whR��8�����L"7ld�<>I����E�l.�Ǽ��fE�;�� The European Union is a world leader in research and innovation. Professor of Political Science, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. Horizon 2020, the eighth Framework Programme, is the biggest multinational research programme in the world. Originally confined to western Europe, the EU undertook a robust expansion into central and eastern Europe in the early 21st century. The EU is the latest stage in a process of integration begun after World War II, initially by six Western European countries, to foster interdependence Omissions? It is responsible for one The first person to walk on the Moon was John Glenn. �n�϶]�xAx����{ĵ8�U8��Oq̺���bݸ��(�܌l�2�����y)�={b��4'�4J0��|^�}!��:���a�ƴ��JA���v�l���\�E+/�E�aq�C�#S�c�|�%����[E� a��s�a�p8,�Fי"�%�'�Z0g:Yd�VH�W�Ŏ�Ӵ+����n�.����l=��ޑ�&���x#��N��zW��L��4SɆ�z�L3��Ak �m��d_�cI��V�i�dNS����fE{�� �]��_��DνZ���i�$4�2^2��/�}���yܿ�I���Y�H�}��N3��=k�I�-�ik��&ai&�R� _�C�䃂��)�~����w�-��gq�

The EU represents one in a series of efforts to integrate Europe since World War II.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). <>stream Collective assistance from the European Union and its Member States amounted to more than €74.4 billion in 2018. endobj During Charles de Gaulle's leadership of France in the 1960s, the country twice rejected the United Kingdom's application to the European Economic Community. To this end, in 1951 the leaders of six countries—Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany—signed the Treaty of Paris, thereby, when it took effect in 1952, founding the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). %PDF-1.5 PDF | On Aug 31, 2009, Donato Gómez-Diaz published European Union | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate There are 24 official languages of the European Union.

�I7I��M�&�3� 2�����d� Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The treaty was designed to enhance European political and economic integration by creating a single currency (the euro), a unified foreign and security policy, and common citizenship rights and by advancing cooperation in the areas of immigration, asylum, and judicial affairs. Author of, The “Ode to Joy” from Ludwig von Beethoven's. 4 0 obj ��P�z�����r]���1�����M�}"��� �gR >>/Reason()/Reference[<>/Type/SigRef>>]/SubFilter/adbe.pkcs7.detached/Type/Sig>> 1044 0 obj The predecessor of the EU was created in the aftermath of the Second World War. The EU’s common currency is the euro. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. SB 11-45 The European Union – The Institutions (390KB pdf) SB 11-46 The European Union – The Legislative Process (572KB pdf) SB 11-47 The European Union – The Budget (370KB pdf) Scottish Parliament Information Centre (SPICe) Briefings are compiled for the benefit of the Members of the Parliament and their personal staff.

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic partnership that represents a unique form of cooperation among sovereign countries. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? (��Kk�� �>}諭�!�֊�9�]]]ׯ���~���O~�rx����/~������o���oo���o�o����_?~��맏o���}����?��ӻ��?^�b��۸8��q���8|~|��?�p�������Wo�a]�:����+�c~��-j;Xe������?~g?��^y`�T��Ek{��s��{s���������_��_�������\�_��}���W��9����F^=~�x�]ܟ��xm�~����QWݣ������O�/?^su���P|н�?��{�^}��_��?��x����kί?_�W�_�����_��w���W�@)-��!�z���rx��m����P+͢�%�����D���.�Q�*��%ղi�[������j������o&l���˧��9��ӧ/��|1����e���;�`�멫�ݟώ3�߿{��q�u�x���p�9y����~H�������g���9xL��8ܯW��Wq�`ł9���-o�7'�Pf�n��vۆ�qx�g����w���V��6�l|�kZzX�_�[Ƹv��?�(��f���v?����c��H�M�?s��� ��{f2�v���3�_�O΃[email protected]"i�7��[9z�����dL��i��QP��� �Go��7���5U�#��Ew��Z�G���t��o��W���.~�q_5��&��$�|��n�8B~ܢ*S���,�8'e�g~UaE&�(M9�͎܂�(S��ߤ�7:N�$z�@�H��zwT�Ka!y�'0%_���_,��t~d���5�4Vz¯!i����ү�4�\�&.��R��[email protected]��� �Z�+��k�$��9�W��. The EU was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2012, in recognition of the organization’s efforts to promote peace and democracy in Europe. European Union website - EUROPA is the official EU website that provides access to information published by all EU institutions, agencies and bodies. More than 500 million people live in the European Union. Earlier treaties are now incorporated into the current consolidated version, which comprises the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. 4R �k$h��i����10ݧ���@��8����L�����xń~Nb�mPЩ���2�#.�9��_��p��{0 Learn more about the EU … 32 0 obj European Union (EU), international organization comprising 27 European countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. A series of further international treaties and treaty revisions based largely on this model led eventually to the creation of the EU.
The United Kingdom, which had been a founding member of the EU, left the organization in 2020.

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