After a 15-month period in which the city was administered under Anna Maria Cancellieri (as a state-appointed prefect), Virginio Merola was elected as mayor, leading a left-wing coalition comprising the Democratic Party, Left Ecology Freedom and Italy of Values.[50]. Two organizations give 2-hour guided walks in English from the tourist office. It may not be the most well-known city in Italy, but it is the gastronomical capital of the country and there are a lot of unique things to do here. On 24 July 1943, a massive aerial bombardment destroyed a significant part of the historic city centre and killed about 200 people. Bologna hosts a number of international music, art, dance and film festivals, including Angelica[85] Bologna and Contemporanea (festivals on contemporary music),[86] Bolognafestival (international classical music festival),[87] It is the seventh most populous city in Italy with about 390,000 inhabitants and 150 different nationalities. The period of Papal rule saw also the construction of many churches and other religious establishments, and the restoration of older ones.
Is the Marconi Express open yet? The historic center is a short walk from the train station but you can also take a bus. The cuisine of the Emilia-Romagna region is some of the best in Italy and Bologna is one of the best places to sample its range. A sporting nickname for Bologna is Basket City in reference to the successes of the town's two rival historic basketball clubs, Virtus and Fortitudo, though the clubs are now often referred to by the names of their current sponsors. This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:52. [16] In 1350, Bologna was conquered by Archbishop Giovanni Visconti, the new lord of Milan. In Piazza Maggiore, there's live music, performances, and a street market.

The University, one of Europe's oldest, is worth a visit. [37] Bolognese moderate agrarian elites, that supported liberal insurgencies against the papacy and were admirers of the British political system and of free trade, envisioned a unified national state that would open a bigger market for the massive agricultural production of the Emilian plains. Subsequently, the town began to expand rapidly and became one of the main commercial trade centres of northern Italy thanks to a system of canals that allowed barges and ships to come and go. While crowds of tourists fill Venice, Florence and Rome, Bologna remains relatively quiet in comparison. [74] The current birth rate of Bologna is 8.07 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. [43][44], After the armistice of 1943, the city became a key centre of the Italian resistance movement. It was also a venue at the 1990 FIFA World Cup. With its volume of 258,000 m3, it is the largest (Gothic or otherwise) church built of bricks of the world. A Guide to Visiting Parma in Northern Italy, What to See and Do in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, Rimini: Beaches, Nightlife, Roman Ruins, and Fellini, Where to Go in the Emilia Romagna Region of Italy, Explore Italy's Adriatic Coast From Venice to the Heel of the Boot, Here's How to Enjoy a Day Trip From Milan, Italy, Italy's Best September Festivals and Events, The Small Italian Cities Often Overlooked by Tourists. [77] The Studium, as it was originally known, began as a loosely organized teaching system with each master collecting fees from students on an individual basis. In 1790 the city had 72,000 inhabitants, ranking as the second largest in the Papal States; however this figure had remained unchanged for decades. After World War I, Bologna was heavily involved in the Biennio Rosso socialist uprisings. Historic Sites, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Observation Decks & Towers, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Architectural Buildings, Historic Walking Areas. [103] Specifically, the shows on the bill in various theatres participating in the project are advertised weekly through a single poster.
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bologna, italy known for three things

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The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 5.4 km, while 7% travel for over 12 km in a single direction.[73]. with Private Pool, Bikes, Delizie bolognesi - gelato e cioccolato artigianali, Museo Internazionale e Biblioteca della Musica. [38] Indeed, Bologna gave Italy one of its first prime ministers, Marco Minghetti. The Province of Bologna stretches from the Po Plain into the Apennines; the highest point in the province is the peak of Corno alle Scale (in Lizzano in Belvedere) at 1,945 metres (6,381 ft) above sea level. Johns Hopkins University maintains its Bologna Center in the city, which hosts one of the overseas campuses of the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). The main railway station and adjoining areas were severely hit, and 44% of the buildings in the centre were listed as having been destroyed or severely damaged. The urban organization is governed by the Italian Constitution (art. The second one, "the learned" (la dotta) is a reference to its university. The economy of Bologna started to show signs of severe decline as the global centres of trade shifted towards the Atlantic. A series of plagues in the late 16th to early 17th century reduced the population of the city from some 72,000 in the mid-16th century to about 47,000 by 1630. Bologna university was founded in 1088 and it is considered the oldest university of the Western world. From aperitivo hour (about 6:30 - 7 PM) into the late night, Via Pescherie Vecchie, just off Piazza Maggiore, is lined with bars and restaurants offering outdoor seating, wines by the bottle of glass, tasty antipasti (appetizer) platters, and great people-watching. I haven't found ANY sites whatsoever saying anything about sex. Volume = (traverse section of the central nave [width = 22 m, height = 44.27 m] + sum of the traverse sections of the two aisles [width = 20 m, height = 29.06 m] + sum of the traverse sections of the two files of chapels [width = 18 m, height = 22.38 m]) x length of the building [132 m], (973.94 + 581.2 + 402.84) x 132 = 1,957.98 x 132 = 258,453.36. This community includes a great number of Erasmus, Socrates, and overseas students. The last major snow event was in November 2012. The Basilica of Saint Dominic is an example of Romanic architecture from the 13th century, enriched by the monumental tombs of great Bolognese glossators Rolandino de'Passeggeri and Egidio Foscherari. [22] By 1200, Bologna was a thriving commercial and artisanal centre of about 10,000 people.[23]. [64] It connects Porta Saragozza (one of the twelve gates of the ancient walls built in the Middle Ages, which circled a 7.5 km (4.7 mi) part of the city) with the Sanctuary of the Madonna di San Luca, a church begun in 1723 on the site of an 11th-century edifice which had already been enlarged in the 14th century, prominently located on a hill (289 metres (948 feet)) overlooking the town, which is one of Bologna's main landmarks. In 1564, the Piazza del Nettuno and the Palazzo dei Banchi were built, along with the Archiginnasio, the main building of the university. [78] The university's botanical garden, the Orto Botanico dell'Università di Bologna, was established in 1568; it is the fourth oldest in Europe. [47] At the end of 1978 the construction of a tower block and several diverse buildings and structures started. For other uses, see. [29] The university was losing students, who once came from all over Europe, because of the illiberal attitudes of the Church towards culture (especially after the trial of Galileo). The Papal census of 1841 reported 10,000 permanent beggars and another 30,000 (out of a total population of 70,000) who lived in poverty. Torta di riso, a custard-like cake made of almonds, rice and amaretto, is made throughout the year,[102] as the zuppa inglese. At the end of the 1960s the city authorities, worried by massive gentrification and suburbanisation, asked Japanese starchitect Kenzo Tange to sketch a master plan for a new town north of Bologna; however, the project that came out in 1970 was evaluated as too ambitious and expensive. [104] and, to date (2014) is Italy's oldest rugby union club still in operation. According to the most recent data gathered by the European Regional Economic Growth Index (E-REGI) of 2009, Bologna is the first Italian city and the 47th European city in terms of its economic growth rate. I looked up to see what it's known for....then I found your question, lol. Which Cities Should Include on Your Tour of Italy? [18] In the last quarter of the 8th century, Charlemagne, at the request of Pope Adrian I, invaded the Lombard Kingdom, causing its eventual demise. Bologna, Latin Bononia, city, capital of Emilia-Romagna region, in northern Italy, north of Florence, between the Reno and Savena rivers.It lies at the northern foot of the Apennines, on the ancient Via Aemilia, 180 ft (55 metres) above sea level.Originally the Etruscan Felsina, it was occupied by the Gallic Boii in the 4th century bce and became a Roman colony and municipium (Bononia) c. 190 bce. The influence of Etruscan civilization reached the area in the 7th to 6th centuries, and the Etruscan city of Felsina was founded at the site of Bologna by the end of the 6th century. By this time, the Germans had already largely left the city in the face of the Allied advance, spearheaded by Polish forces advancing from the east during the Battle of Bologna which had been fought since 9 April. The insurrected provinces planned to unite as the Province Italiane Unite with Bologna as capital. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. During a campaign to support the imperial cities of Modena and Cremona against Bologna, Frederick II's son, King Enzo of Sardinia, was defeated and captured on 26 May 1249 at the Battle of Fossalta. [citation needed], Gianni Falchi Stadium is a baseball stadium located in Bologna. Clockwise from top: panorama of Bologna and the surrounding hills. [67] Furthermore, Bologna is well known for its dense network of cooperatives, a feature that dates back to the social struggles of farmers and workers in the 1800s and that today produces up to a third of its GDP[68] and occupies 265 thousand people in the Emilia-Romagna region.[69].

After a 15-month period in which the city was administered under Anna Maria Cancellieri (as a state-appointed prefect), Virginio Merola was elected as mayor, leading a left-wing coalition comprising the Democratic Party, Left Ecology Freedom and Italy of Values.[50]. Two organizations give 2-hour guided walks in English from the tourist office. It may not be the most well-known city in Italy, but it is the gastronomical capital of the country and there are a lot of unique things to do here. On 24 July 1943, a massive aerial bombardment destroyed a significant part of the historic city centre and killed about 200 people. Bologna hosts a number of international music, art, dance and film festivals, including Angelica[85] Bologna and Contemporanea (festivals on contemporary music),[86] Bolognafestival (international classical music festival),[87] It is the seventh most populous city in Italy with about 390,000 inhabitants and 150 different nationalities. The period of Papal rule saw also the construction of many churches and other religious establishments, and the restoration of older ones.
Is the Marconi Express open yet? The historic center is a short walk from the train station but you can also take a bus. The cuisine of the Emilia-Romagna region is some of the best in Italy and Bologna is one of the best places to sample its range. A sporting nickname for Bologna is Basket City in reference to the successes of the town's two rival historic basketball clubs, Virtus and Fortitudo, though the clubs are now often referred to by the names of their current sponsors. This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:52. [16] In 1350, Bologna was conquered by Archbishop Giovanni Visconti, the new lord of Milan. In Piazza Maggiore, there's live music, performances, and a street market.

The University, one of Europe's oldest, is worth a visit. [37] Bolognese moderate agrarian elites, that supported liberal insurgencies against the papacy and were admirers of the British political system and of free trade, envisioned a unified national state that would open a bigger market for the massive agricultural production of the Emilian plains. Subsequently, the town began to expand rapidly and became one of the main commercial trade centres of northern Italy thanks to a system of canals that allowed barges and ships to come and go. While crowds of tourists fill Venice, Florence and Rome, Bologna remains relatively quiet in comparison. [74] The current birth rate of Bologna is 8.07 births per 1,000 inhabitants compared to the Italian average of 9.45 births. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. [43][44], After the armistice of 1943, the city became a key centre of the Italian resistance movement. It was also a venue at the 1990 FIFA World Cup. With its volume of 258,000 m3, it is the largest (Gothic or otherwise) church built of bricks of the world. A Guide to Visiting Parma in Northern Italy, What to See and Do in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, Rimini: Beaches, Nightlife, Roman Ruins, and Fellini, Where to Go in the Emilia Romagna Region of Italy, Explore Italy's Adriatic Coast From Venice to the Heel of the Boot, Here's How to Enjoy a Day Trip From Milan, Italy, Italy's Best September Festivals and Events, The Small Italian Cities Often Overlooked by Tourists. [77] The Studium, as it was originally known, began as a loosely organized teaching system with each master collecting fees from students on an individual basis. In 1790 the city had 72,000 inhabitants, ranking as the second largest in the Papal States; however this figure had remained unchanged for decades. After World War I, Bologna was heavily involved in the Biennio Rosso socialist uprisings. Historic Sites, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Observation Decks & Towers, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Architectural Buildings, Historic Walking Areas. [103] Specifically, the shows on the bill in various theatres participating in the project are advertised weekly through a single poster.

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